Alchoholism and Smoking

Alcohol abuse can cause serious diseases such as chronic liver disease, cirrhosis of the liver, or bleeding esophageal varices.

Many patients die of these conditions but the JAMA reports that alcoholics more frequently die of a different underlying cause.

A study of the deaths of 214 alcoholics in an addiction program in Minnesota, found that 51% died of a tobacco related cause, such as cardiovascular disease or cancer. Only 34% died from an alcohol related cause.

Both addictions should be treated.

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This page is maintained by David M. Pilasky of the Office of Information Systems and was last updated June 19th, 1996.